Glossary

In-network

Providers or health care facilities which are part of a health plan's network of providers with which it has negotiated a discount. Insured individuals usually pay less when using an in-network provider because those networks provide services at lower cost to contracted insurance companies.

Indemnity Health Plan

Indemnity health insurance plans are also called "fee-for-service." These are the types of plans that primarily existed before the rise of HMOs, IPAs, and PPOs. With indemnity plans, the individual pays a pre-determined percentage of the cost of health care services, and the insurance company (or self-insured employer) pays the other percentage. For example, an individual might pay 20 percent for services and the insurance company pays 80 percent. The fees for services are defined by the providers and vary from physician to physician. Indemnity health plans offer individuals the freedom to choose their health care professionals.

Independent Practice Associations

IPAs are similar to HMOs, except that individuals receive care in a physician's own office, rather than in an HMO facility.

Individual Health Insurance

Health insurance coverage on an individual, not group, basis. The premium is usually higher for individual health insurance than for a group policy, but individuals do not always qualify for a group plan.